New C2 – plug progress

I had built up the height of the deck on the new boat because I was concerned about the amount of freeboard on the boat. So I starting taking more interest in the K2 designs and was surprised just how close to the edge some of the designs are.

K2 freeboard example


This was particularly illustrated by photographs from the Thameside II race where the water was quite choppy. The K2 decks weren’t swamped but the low level certainly necessitated spray decks. This did however reduce the profile above the water line which was beneficial in the strong head wind that day.

Contrast this with the amount of freeboard on the Wenonah ICF.

Wenonah ICF freeboard


All of the boat surfaces above the waterline are subjected to the influence of the wind. This deep design is necessary due to the fully open cockpit area, and the risk of swapping.

Meanwhile, progress on the new C2 design plug is moving ahead.

Top: treat all timescales from boat builders with a huge pinch of salt!

To be fair, they have put in a huge amount of work, taking my rather crude model and refining it towards something far more superior.

The first task was to cover it with a thick layer of filler.

This helped get a good idea of the final shape and provide a base for finer shaping. We wanted to avoid shape edges, but these were kept until the end so we could see the symmetry.

The groove for the spray deck was made deeper so that the tops of the gunwales would not be wider that the boat.

The weight of the additional filler caused the boat to bow. A long piece of timber was secured within the hold to add strength, and a strip of foam was secured to the hull to show where the new level was. Even more filler was added to fill the bend.

Gradually the shape was built up to eliminate any rocker throughout the length of the hull. This would ensure the true and straight tracking which was witnessed during testing of the early prototype.

Once the shape was defined, additional layers of finer filler were applied.

I kept the transom shape of the stern which is a distinctive feature of DarkSide canoe designs. The rear deck is flat, and the sharp edges have now been rounded.

The rounded edges makes manufacturing with carbon easier as it is not required to bend into angles which risk trapped air pockets.

The front deck is also flat. It won’t shed water as quickly as a steep design, but it will be more comfortable to portage upside down on the shoulder, and easier to mount handles and lights.

The hull is also complete.

The boat is ten centimetres narrower than The Darkness Duet and only two centimetres wider than The Darkness at the widest point.

The rim along the top of the gunwale is retained. Again, another feature of my boats and key to support the full length spray deck.

Two final coats of resin were applied ready for the last rubbing down and polishing in preparation to make the mold.

It does look nice with a gloss black finish, but it will be manufactured in raw carbon with a layer of carbon/Kevlar. I have some ideas regarding the construction which will ensure a light, strong and rigid boat.

It’s almost temping to jump in and paddle it now, but I’m confident the wait will be worth it.

Onwards to the mold.

New model C2

With a bit of spare time on my hands and a couple of days without rain, I decided to crack on with re-designing the new C2. A couple of outings on the water demonstrated a significantly quicker boat, reasonably stable, but in need of more freeboard. It certainly maintains a direct line as it’s so straight and skinny.

The water was lapping towards the top of the gunwales and the bow was only just above the water, it was almost a stealth canoe!

There was also far too much open cockpit because it was based on the C1.

So, I cut off the top of the gunwale and secured some 100mm insulation foam to the top. I glued some 60mm foam on the deck areas and set about it with some course sand paper. The ICF rules state that the cockpit must be at least 2.8 metres long, I’ve made mine 3 metres long just to make sure. Even so, the length of the rear deck is quite long at 175cms and the front deck is 162cms.

This does mean that the rear paddler is not traditionally positioned right in the stern.

The new boat in profile


At this stage, I had a completely blank canvas and could have carved any sort of flamboyant and intricate design, but I wanted the boat to be a no-nonsense flat-water racing machine. I also wanted to make it easier, quicker and cheaper to make, so I avoided corners and acute angles.

Starting with the front deck, I made it as flat and created rounded sides. The flat deck makes it easier to mount a handle and lights, plus it is more comfortable to portage. OK, if the bow “disappears” on say the Henley Straight on a windy day the front paddler may get a bit wet, but they’ll have the spray deck, and I’m in the back anyway!

Front deck design


The front of the gunwale which supports the spray deck will be lower than the front deck. I’ve planned some side channels to drain any water, but it’s also more aerodynamic as the top of the front gunwale is not too high. OK it’s not a massive advantage, but “marginal gains” count, as “Sir Dave” would say.

The bow will be curved to ensure that it does not catch weeds or leaves. Hopefully I won’t need the ACME coat hanger weed deflector on this boat.

The philosophy behind rear deck design is similar to the front, flat deck and rounded sides.

Rear deck design


I’ve also kept the iconic transom stern which is perhaps a trade mark of DarkSide Canoes. It’s massively cock-eyed at the moment, but I have faith in my boat builder to sort it out.

Gunwale and cockpit


Using a broom handle wrapped in course sand paper, I formed the gunwale and spray deck recess. I filled the space between the insulation foam and the existing deck with expanding foam gap filler. It’s not perfect, but again when my boat builder has stopped laughing, they’ll sort it all out. I want the recess a bit deeper so that the side of the boat is wider than the gunwale, however it can’t be more than 5cms in towards the cockpit to ensure ICF compliance. The maximum boat width will be 55cms.

Additional freeboard height


The plug is now with the boat builders and I hope to have a faired shape this week, and a mold not long after.

I’m looking forward to paddling this boat and I’m hoping the slimmer profile will appeal to racing kayakers.

Sliding Seat

I’ve sometimes wondered about the potential benefit of a sliding seat in a canoe, especially when I’m on a rowing machine. As an advocate of the longer paddle stroke, a sliding seat would enable the catch to be further forward, the use of the legs during the power phase, and a delayed exit as the blade would remain in line with the hips for longer. I can’t think why it hasn’t been tried before. I expect it has, but I can’t find any references other than some anecdotal citations.

Whilst I’m developing the new skinny C2, I have a boat which is much more suited to a sliding seat. Due to its length, it will be less prone to rocking as the paddler’s weight is continually transferred fore and aft.

So, the first challenge is mount the seat on some sort of rollers or wheels. A quick look around the garage (full of “useful” stuff) , I discovered some rollers we’d used to make shifting the washing machine a bit easier.

Perfect, I’ll just shorten the wheel base an bolt a seat on.

Seat mounted on wheels


The underside


So far, so good. I now needed a captive rail enclosure in which the seat could roll back and forth and maintain a fixed path.

So I knocked a sort of box up out of timber. The weight and aesthetics didn’t really matter, it was just the concept I wanted to test. Early dry land testing quickly revealed that it wouldn’t work the way I’d imagined. Most of the wheels didn’t touch the ground and it kept “crashing” into the sides of the box and getting stuck. I even cut off the surplus wheel sets, but it still wouldn’t track.

Sliding seat in captive track


I started to look on the internet for the sort of thing used by rowers. As racing rowing boats are hideously expensive, I didn’t expect the seat system to be cheap. Turns out it was less than £100.

I got the wheel platform and rails from a place in Chertsey. (https://shop.carldouglas.co.uk/) I had a long chat with Charles Douglas (the owner). He knew a lot about canoeing and the DW. I think he said he’d done the race and the results show a C Douglas completed the race in 1988.

Rowing boat sliding seat kit


I mounted the seat on the wheel assembly and then constructed a frame for the rails. I wanted to get it as low as possible as I didn’t know how stable it would all be.

Seat mounted on the undercarriage


The motion is so smooth.

Rails set parrallel within a frame


Them I secured into the boat. This was fairly easy because the boat has a long length of parallel sides plus the flange is also the whole length of the cockpit.

Sliding seat system in the boat.


The pull bar on the footrest was essential for securing the feet.

All setup and ready to go


I took it for a quick test on the Kennet at Newbury and it was surprising stable and easy to use. This was a good job as I’d entered the Basingstoke Canal Challenge the next weekend. This is a 16.6 mile there-and-back event with only two portages (one out and one back) so the 21 kgs weight of the boat should not be too much of a factor.

What could possibly go wrong?

On the way to the start, the seat cushioning came away from the seat and it’s somewhere on the M3. Usually the car is chocha-block with spare bits of foam, but not on this occasion.

So I lined up for an early start with a C2 crew who seemed hell bent on a sprint start. I managed to drop them quite early and settled in to a good rhythm. A couple of times I got out of sync, and on occasions I got no benefit from the sliding seat as I did not phase the stroke right and was simply going forwards and backwards. However when it did come right, it felt good. The key seemed to be to delay the slide until after the catch, and not before.

Unfortunately the additional weight of the boat and the drag effect did not deliver a particularly fast performance by the time I got to the portage.

Twenty one kilograms on your own is quite a hefty weight. The portage was slow, but I huffed and puffed to the put-in and headed for the turn.

At the eight mile turn I was getting tired, and decided to lift the boat out for a rest.

On the way back to the portage things started to deteriorate. My back hurt and I was gradually adopting a lent back position. Even by exaggerating bending forward for the catch, I could not compensate for it.

I got back to the portage, lifted the boat out and put it down. Then for some strange reason I started walking backwards, I just couldn’t help it. My body seemed to have forgotten its correct upright position and off I went until I fell over.

After a stern word with myself I managed to get the boat to the put-in. As I moved towards the canal, I fell over again with the boat on top of me. A young girl, part of a K2 crew has also reached the put-in, she looked down at me and asked “would you like me to help you up?” and one handed, she hauled me to my feet. I thought this would be a good time to quit, and did.

So it was a bit inconclusive. I’m convinced that it is worth trying again with a lighter boat and a shorter distance, but ot’ll have to wait because the boat is back to a C2.

C2 extended – Take II

I’ve reset the seats now to something more sensible! I don’t know why I set them so close together. Trouble is, when you’re on your own, there’s no one to tell you when you’re being silly.

Anyway, hopefully the boat should be trimmed better this time.

Rear seat set further back


When compared with the Duet and the previous setting, my mistake is more obvious.

Duet, first attempt, modified position


Not sure that I can go much further back due to lack of buoyancy in the stern.

I also took the opportunity to change the shape of the bow. I’ve used a coat-hanger leaf clearer during autumn when the canal turns to soup due to all the leaves.

The original shape picks up the smallest leaf and takes some bouncing to get it off. I’ve now replicated the curve on the actual boat, it remains to be seen if I’ve got the curve shallow enough.

Modify bow profile


It doesn’t look very pretty though. Wonder if it will work?

C1 extended – testing and C2 migration

I managed to get on the water a few times with the extended C1. The first session was just to see how it floated. It was surprising stable, so much so that I raised the seat by two centimetres for the next outing.

It weighs 21kgs, so is a heavyweight compared to The Darkness at 8kgs, but it is a prototype and it will form the plug IF I go into production.

It holds a straight line better than The Darkness, unsurprisingly as it’s so long. Turning it 180 degrees takes about a zillion sweep strokes.

It certainly seems faster. I managed a standing start one mile in 10:15, so not far of 6 mph, but I’ll need a lighter boat to give it a real test. I also need to get it on to a river to see how it performs in flow.

All a bit late now, as I’ve moved on to a C2 version. It took some time to install two sets of seats and footrests, but the flange really helps as there is no messing with brackets. As the boat has longer parallel sides, the length of the seat support bars don’t have to be changed. The thwarts did have to be repositioned though as they were in the way of the seats and I do need the bars to pull me up to standing.

I positioned the seats according to the best guess of where the most buoyancy was.

This is much different to The Darkness Duet as there is not so much buoyancy towards the stern.

I’ve gone for the wider seats as standard now. I’ve also used pull bars to help with the stability.

Seats and footrests


It looks a bit weird with so much open space behind the rear seat. This will change IF I go into production as I’ll close up the opening.

Anyway, I phoned John and persuaded him to help my try it out. So we met at Froxfield gave it a go. John is now training three times a week in a K1, so is very fit and very stable, unlike me. He was rock solid at the front whilst I took some time to relax. I contemplated lowering the seats until we got onto a rhythm, and then it was like the old days.

The trim was far too bias towards the bow and John felt he was paddling downhill! The boat keeps a straight line so well, but I would need to see how it handles some decent bends.

It was also again, surprising stable once we got going. OK, not like the Duet, perhaps a 5 or 6 K2 wobble factor, so racing kayakers would find it easy.

There is still a reasonable free board but it would need a spray deck for the river. John is 72kgs and I am 75kgs, so it’ll take a fair payload.

So it seems to float OK, feels fast but I need to do some proper comparison. But before that, I need to set the rear seat further back.

How long is long enough?

The Darkness C1 is designed to conform to the International Canoe Federation (ICF) specifications for racing. This means paddlers can legally race in UK Hasler events and any other races which are sanctioned by the ICF.

However, many of the classic races (DW, Watersides, Thamesides, Ross Warland etc) and decents are not subject to these restrictions, which means The Darkness at 5.2 metres long, is at a disadvantage to longer boats such as the Wenonah J203 at 5.6 metres.

Apparently that additional 0.4 of a metre makes a difference as “Any hull has a “hull speed” equal to 1.34 x square root (length of waterline in feet). That basically tells you that as long as the hull is acting as displacement hull, the longer the hull, the faster the boat. The calculation is the length of the wave which is generated as the boat moves through the water.”

So, looking at the formula applied to various craft:

The Darkness: 1.34 x square root of 17’ = 1.34 x 4.1 = 5.525 knots
Wenonah J203: 1.34 x square root of 18.5’ = 1.34 x 4.3 = 5.764 knots

Clearly this is very simplistic as there are many other factors which influence overall race speed, especially portaging. The benefit of a faster water speed by a longer boat may be negated if it is awkward and heavy (and slower) to portage.

Another factor is of course the payload.

I have seen pictures of unusually long kayaks/canoes in some of the US ultra-mileage races especially the Texas River Safari (260 mile race to Seadrift from the headwaters of the San Marcos River) and have been intrigued as to whether they actually do go faster. I’ve decided to test the theory for myself.


The first thing I need is a longer boat, but one which I can test against a benchmark. So, I decided to elongate one of my Darkness C1s by simply cutting it in half, extending the distance between the bow and stern, and then filling in the missing middle section.

I decided to extend the 5.2 metre boat by an extra 1.3 metres making it a total of 6.5 metres. This is the same length as an ICF C2. If it pans out as I expect it to, I may also have a slim C2 which should support a couple of racing snakes.

So the theoretical hull speed should be – The Darkness elongated: 1.34 x square root of 21’ = 1.34 x 5.6 = 6.141 knots

Before I did this, I needed to construct a “cradle” to support a pseudo mold to bridge the gap. So I found the widest part of the hull and used this as a pattern for five 14cm strips of fibre glass to profile the hull. I then attached these to two long pieces of timber at regular intervals to add an additional 1.3 metres to the boat.

Completed cradle


Having constructed the cradle, I now needed a thin, pliable sheet of material to form the hull shape using the cradle for support. I thought of lino, or a thin sheet of plastic or even a sheet of aluminium. Whilst I was considering the next move, I had to go to Oman on a week’s business trip.

Coincidentally I had placed an order on my boat builder for a C1, but it was taking longer than usual. It transpired that he has used a new type of gelcoat which had “gone wrong”. He had built a replacement, but the question was what to do with the surplus boat. So instead of cutting up my beautiful, resin-infused carbon boat, we used this one instead, as the elongated candidate.

We still felt bad cutting up a perfectly (but flawed) useful boat but there’s no way I could have sold it.

The next step was to connect the two halves with the cradle and use this to support a pliable sheet. We tried a thin sheet of fibre glass, but it sagged between the spars, so we abandoned this method.


I’m not sure how it was achieved in the end, but how ever it was done, it worked although it was not pretty.

I was keen to compare it with a Darkness C1 and was a bit disappointed to see how it had flared out much wider than I wanted. The gunnels were finished off and I asked for the standard Duet flanges along the inside to support seats and footrests. This really improves the longitudinal rigidity, but also across the width once I brace it with seats and footrests.

I first wanted to try the C1 option, so I installed a single seat just behind the centre of the boat. I used aluminium thwarts to bring the sides in, and they are internally braced with threaded bars with nuts and washers on either side to ensure that the shape doesn’t pop out again.

I added an additional brace towards the rear of the flanges.


I’m now a lot happier with the width, The widest distance between the edges of the gunwales is 54 cms. The Darkness C1 is 51 cms and the Duet is 67 cms. So theoretically it should be a stable C1 and a less stable C2.

IF I go into production, I’ll increase the size of the rear deck and reduce the open section to 3 metres.

I’ve had to raise the footrests a bit as the flanges are the same height as for the C1 seat.

Obviously I had to compare it to the rest of the fleet.

Extra long single boats


The next thing is to try it on the water and compare the speed and performance with The Darkness C1.

2017 catch-up

Blimey it’s been a while since I added some content to this blog, time to catch up.

So, a summary of the key activities since before DW.

    DW 2017

This was way back on 15th April but even now our failure still rankles. Basically we were four hours in and ten minutes up on our 21 hour schedule, and John decided he could not continue. I don’t think we’ll ever understand why, but “his head wasn’t in it” so we had to retire. Rarely have I experienced such anger, just the sheer frustration of having no control and not being able to do a thing about it.

Before “the wheels came off”


Thinking back, I can’t remember anything we would have done differently in our preparation, training or execution, so there are no lessons to be learnt. I’m looking for a new partner for next year, but not being in a club I don’t know enough paddlers that well. I am hoping for an experienced, slightly younger kayaker to stick in the front.

    Training

I supplemented my training for DW with membership to a Gym. This was “The Fitness Experts”. They offer a programme of circuit training for 45 minutes at a time. It is very varied and very hard, which is just what I needed.

I also purchased a sit&switch ergo trainer. It was excellent just to position it in front of the telly and simulate a reasonable paddle stroke. Obviously the guy in the picture isn’t me, I’m far younger and more handsome than that (I wish!). My canoe paddle stroke is nothing like that either, hence the need for a kayak partner.

Canoe ergo trainer

    Cheshire Ring

Meanwhile back in Blighty. A bloke borrowed my Darkness C1 to do an 18 mile race with 19 portages. He did DW in the front of a C2 this year and fancied a go in a C1.

He beat all the K1s in his race, all of which were from higher divisions and got himself promoted two divisions to Div 5.

Paul Stenning on his way to Div 5


Paul Stenning went on to do the Cheshire Ring race in The Darkness C1. The race is 96 miles long non-stop, and has portages over 92 locks and 5 tunnels. The current C1 record is 19 hours 50 minutes and was set in 1998, so it’s about time it was beaten. After paddling through the night, Paul finished in 19 hours 18 minutes, beating the record by over half an hour.

Paul Stenning at the start


A fantastic effort especially for an athlete who has only recently crossed over to the dark side.

    Worcester Ring

Putting the disappointment of DW’17 behind me, I decided to check out the Worcester Ring Canoe Challenge. This is a 21 mile circuit starting and finishing on the River Severn at Worcester (obviously!) on Saturday July 22 nd.

Casually asked my wife if she’d be interested, oh yes she replied. Two minutes later, the Darkness Duet was loaded and we were off for our first training session at Dreadnought Reach. “Do I have to wear all the kit?” “Yes, it’s in the rules……………………my rules”

Ro and Me in the Duet


Ro and I paddled the 21 mile Worcester Ring Challenge which included 29 locks split into 18 portages. This meant that some of the portages were 500 metres and one was 1,000 metres long.

In order to speed up the process, I mounted some wheels on the rear deck. They proved very handy, although some of the locks involved some highly complicated manoeuvres.

Ro had only paddled up to three hours previously and a maximum of 13 miles. We finished in 4 hours 48 minutes, pretty darn tired though.

However, Paul Stenning smashed the Worcester Ring Canoe Challenge C1 record taking a huge 50 minutes off the time set last year in a fantastic time of 3:38. Paul was also a minute quicker than the new C2 record also set yesterday.

    Nationals

I entered the British Canoe National Marathon Championships in The Darkness C1 a couple of months ago, Paul was also in the same race. Unfortunately he fell in soon after the starts but recovered to overtake the whole field except the first two high kneelers, to come in third position.

Me at the Nationals


Unfortunately I was disqualified for going the wrong side of a marker buoy!

Paul is now the proud owner of his own Darkness C1, so we’ll be seeing a lot more of him in the future. The C1 class of the 2018 DW is on his list for next year.

Wye descent

I raced The Colin Chapman Memorial Wye Descent (Kerne Bridge To Monmouth) on the river Wye. Forty seven boats on the start line including some top UK paddlers.

After the recent rain, the river was up and had a good flow, but a strong wind negated some of the advantage. It also increased the ferocity of the rapids.

There were three C1s (and seven C2s), Chris Blacker in a high-kneeler, Lyndon White in a Wenonah Advantage, and me in The Darkness. Knowing the start would be somewhat frantic, we hung towards the back.

The first set of rapids saw a surprising number of capsizes. Chris started to open a gap whilst Lyndon and I got into our stride. About half an hour later Chris pulled over with back problems. He eventually reached the finish put wasn’t able to push.

It was pretty uneventful until the notorious Symonds Yat rapids. This has been changed over the years to make it more “interesting” for slalom and play boats, but far more challenging for racing boats. I was doing quite well until about two thirds down and I thought I’d made it. I braced on some aeriated water and tipped over. After a roller coaster swim, I was eventually dragged into an eddy by a C1 (cheers mate).

I knew Lyndon wasn’t far behind so I jumped back in and continued towards the finish. I later discovered he too had capsized, broke his paddle and sustained some nasty gashes.

I won the C1 event and beat the record by 4 seconds, apologies to Chris Hotchkiss!

So not a totally wasted summer.

Thameside 2 2017

A bit late to start thinking back to Thameside 2, but as we were promoted to Div 6 at our last race, we didn’t have to wear buoyancy aids.

However, I do recall that we got a reasonable start on the second wave even though it was very bumpy to the first portage. Too many boats at the same time. We has planned to run long, but were forced on to the steps. Lots of pushing and shoving and a few frayed tempers, but we did pretty well to get away without a mishap.

The field split up on the paddle down to Sonning. Still pretty busy but again we got away clean. At Shiplake we were out and across to the put-in in quick time but even so, another C2 were quicker.

As usual, we settled down into the race, got quicker and managed to pass Nigel and Paul from Leighton Buzzard. They were clearly tiring as we got to Temple. We knew we had to get to Marlow first to beat them to the finish, but they still had a bit more left than we did and they got there first.

In our haste I slipped on the concrete and dropped the boat. Did some considerable damage.

Duet damage


We ended up in 5th place by 37 seconds and about 13 minutes behind the winners.

Thameside 2 results


The racing has been a good training benefit and it certainly put us in our place.

Thameside 1 2017

John and I decided to use the Thameside race series to add a little spice to our DW training and we took part in Thameside 1 on Sunday 26 th February. This was a 12 mile paddle with 13 portages, from Aldermaston Wharf to Reading Canoe Club.

The weather was dry, about 10 degrees with a moderate tail wind to Reading.

Waiting to start at Aldermaston

Waiting to start at Aldermaston


We started with a couple of K2s who sprinted off to the first portage. We overtook one before we put-in and overhauled the second before the next one. We squeezed under a very low bridge and were grateful that we were not wearing buoyancy aids.

The pattern of the race meant that we held our own or gradually overtook the K2s on the water, but it was at the portages that we overtook so many boats. The open cockpit of the canoe meant we were out and back in so quickly.

It was fun going through Reading town centre, but very bumpy due to the refracted washes. I was glad not to be in a K1.

There was a bit of a queue at Blakes and as we turned left to join the Thames for the upstream section to the finish, the combination of the current and the head wind made progress very laborious.

Battling aginst the competition, the current, the wind and the waves

Battling aginst the competition, the current, the wind and the waves


We were still overtaking boats as we approached the finish.
Crossing the finish line at Reading

Crossing the finish line at Reading


We achieved a respectable time of 1:58:26 finishing in 5 th place out of 8 boats. Only 4 minutes covered the first 5 crews.
Thameside 1 - C2 results

Thameside 1 – C2 results


Next up is Thameside 2, Reading Canoe Club to Longridge, 18 miles and 8 portages on Sunday 12th March.

The Darkness on the other side of the world

Before we get to the main topic, a quick post-script on the Frank Luzmore. Turns out that we diggers made a good account of ourselves and a number of crews were promoted.

Frank Luzmore C2 promotions

Frank Luzmore C2 promotions


John went from Div 9 to Div 6 in a single race, and I also crawled up to Div 6. This means that we no longer have to wear buoyancy aids in Hasler events, hurrah!

So, what about The Darkness C1 trip to Oz? Well it made it. After many weeks at sea, the boat docked in Brisbane as 2017 started.

The Darkness at Brisbane docks

The Darkness at Brisbane docks


Frank and I incurred more costs as the freight company asked for a further £164 because of the weight of the crate, and Brisbane customs and import taxes also insisted on being paid too.
The Darkness arrives at its new home

The Darkness arrives at its new home


However, Frank and his mates picked it up from the dockside and transported it home.
All in one piece

All in one piece


Seems like all that effort put into packing the boat out paid off, because it arrived in tact.
On the water in Oz

On the water in Oz


Like an impatient child at Christmas, Frank immediately took it out on the water.
Frank on a crazy mission

Frank on a crazy mission


Not it seems he’s doing some crazy 1,000 km challenge. Good luck Frank.